On August 10, 1969, the Interagency Committee on Back Contamination met in Atlanta and lifted the quarantine on the astronauts, on those who had joined them in quarantine (NASA physician William Carpentier and MQF project engineer John Hirasaki), and on Columbia itself. In 2009, the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) imaged the various Apollo landing sites on the surface of the Moon, for the first time with sufficient resolution to see the descent stages of the lunar modules, scientific instruments, and foot trails made by the astronauts. Later NASA reports mentioned that Eagle's orbit had decayed, resulting in it impacting in an "uncertain location" on the lunar surface..  Then Armstrong walked 196 feet (60 m) from the LM to snap photos at the rim of Little West Crater while Aldrin collected two core samples. Output went to the LGC to command the reaction control system (RCS) jets to fire. BIGs were worn until they reached isolation facilities on board Hornet. “Buzz” Aldrin joined him on the moon’s surface at 11:11 p.m., and together they took photographs of the terrain, planted a U.S. flag, ran a few simple scientific tests, and spoke with President Richard M. Nixon via Houston. Kennedy. This was also a time when inflation was rising, which put pressure on the government to reduce spending. https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/armstrong-walks-on-moon. Areas that appeared promising on photographs taken on Earth were often found to be totally unacceptable. The PLSS backpack created a tendency to tip backward, but neither astronaut had serious problems maintaining balance. At this time NASA was still fighting a lawsuit brought by atheist Madalyn Murray O'Hair (who had objected to the Apollo 8 crew reading from the Book of Genesis) demanding that their astronauts refrain from broadcasting religious activities while in space. Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that first landed humans on the Moon. Truman’s action came during increasing Cold War tensions with the Soviet Union.  Before Aldrin could take a photo of Armstrong with the flag, President Richard Nixon spoke to them through a telephone-radio transmission which Nixon called "the most historic phone call ever made from the White House. ACA—out of detent." , Just before he reached the dark side on the third orbit, Mission Control informed Collins there was a problem with the temperature of the coolant. When Columbia came back around to the near side of the Moon again, he was able to report that the problem had been resolved. Two of the Sea Kings carried divers and recovery equipment. , During Projects Mercury and Gemini, each mission had a prime and a backup crew. Climbing down the nine-rung ladder, Armstrong pulled a D-ring to deploy the modular equipment stowage assembly (MESA) folded against Eagle's side and activate the TV camera. The Apollo programme is arguably the greatest technical achievement of mankind to date ... nothing since Apollo has come close [to] the excitement that was generated by those astronauts—Armstrong, Aldrin and the 10 others who followed them.  Apollo 11 landed with less fuel than most subsequent missions, and the astronauts encountered a premature low fuel warning. Its hazards are hostile to us all. It's a great honor and privilege for us to be here, representing not only the United States, but men of peace of all nations, and with interest and a curiosity, and men with a vision for the future. Loose equipment from the spacecraft remained in isolation until the lunar samples were released for study. Armstrong and Aldrin then moved into Eagle and landed in the Sea of Tranquility on July 20. Apollo 11 was launched by a Saturn V rocket from Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, Florida, on July 16 at 13:32 UTC, and it was the fifth crewed mission of NASA's Apollo program. Information available to the crew and mission controllers during the landing showed the LM had enough fuel for another 25 seconds of powered flight before an abort without touchdown would have become unsafe, but post-mission analysis showed that the real figure was probably closer to 50 seconds. Armstrong, a 38-year-old research pilot, was the commander of the mission.  Two types of rocks were found in the geological samples: basalt and breccia. It was then attached to the MQF with a flexible tunnel, allowing the lunar samples, film, data tapes and other items to be removed. Now the world can watch as he backs down the ladder. Why choose this as our goal? , Apollo 11 used slow-scan television (TV) incompatible with broadcast TV, so it was displayed on a special monitor, and a conventional TV camera viewed this monitor, significantly reducing the quality of the picture. The closeout crew then left the launch complex about an hour before launch time. The program also included a 17-minute show that combined full-motion video projected on the Washington Monument to recreate the assembly and launch of the Saturn V rocket. , Mission Control used a coded phrase to warn Armstrong his metabolic rates were high, and that he should slow down. , The Passive Seismic Experiment ran until the command uplink failed on August 25, 1969. Two hours later, the Eagle began its descent to the lunar surface, and at 4:18 p.m. the craft touched down on the southwestern edge of the Sea of Tranquility. The moonwalk … At 12:30 on May 20, the 5,443-tonne (5,357-long-ton; 6,000-short-ton) assembly departed the Vehicle Assembly Building atop the crawler-transporter, bound for Launch Pad 39A, part of Launch Complex 39, while Apollo 10 was still on its way to the Moon.  Apollo 11 was the second American mission where all the crew members had prior spaceflight experience, the first being Apollo 10. Armstrong was supposed to immediately shut the engine down, as the engineers suspected the pressure caused by the engine's own exhaust reflecting off the lunar surface could make it explode, but he forgot. The Space Race had ended, and Cold War tensions were easing as the US and Soviet Union entered the era of détente. 1970s. The problem could have been mascons—concentrations of high mass that could have altered the trajectory. There was a concern this would prevent firing the engine, stranding them on the Moon. Aldrin was afraid it might topple in front of TV viewers. "We want to make sure that NASA is going to be there for them when they want to take their journey. , During the mission, the cause was diagnosed as the rendezvous radar switch being in the wrong position, causing the computer to process data from both the rendezvous and landing radars at the same time. Set eight years earlier high German officials had made up their minds that Hitler must die used for.! 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